2013 was “second busiest skyscraper year in history”
From 2000 to 2013, the total number of 200-metre-plus buildings in existence increased from 261 to 830 – an extraordinary 318% – according to the latest report from the Council of Tall Buildings & Urban Habitat.
2013 was the second-most successful year ever in terms of such completions, with a bumper crop of 73 going up around the world. For the sixth year running, China had the most 200m+-ers of any nation (37 shot up across 22 cities), whilst Dubai claimed the tallest building to complete in 2013, with the 355-metre JW Marriott Marquis Hotel Dubai Tower 2. Despite all the talk of “billionaire needles”, the US only finished one 200m+ building in 2013: 1717 Broadway in New York.
Europe topped out on four 200m+ projects last year, and increased its total number of “Supertalls” (300m+) in existence from one to three (the first was Capital City Tower in Moscow in 2010). The 306-metre Shard and Moscow’s Mercury City meant that Europe had two buildings in the world’s ten tallest completions for the first time since 1953, when two of the seven Moscow “sisters” (MV Lomonosov State University and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) were erected.
Described by the CTBUH as “one of the more hard-won victories (anywhere, let alone in the UK) of developer persistence amidst financial crisis, regulatory scrutiny, historic-preservation and traffic-flow constraints”, The Shard has been named as 2013′s Best Tall Building in Europe by the Council.
The report goes on to say that, of the 73 200m+ buildings completed in 2013, the share of pure office buildings continued to decline, from 39% to 34%. Pure resi made up 30% of 2013 completions. Mixed-use buildings saw a slight increase, to 30%, whilst only four of the completions were hotels.
The Council is predicting that between 65 and 90 200m+ buildings will be built in 2014, with between 7 and 13 Supertalls (300m+), and no Megatalls (600m+). In 2015, it anticipates between 70 and 105 completions, of which 8 to 15 will be Supertalls (300m+), and one will be a Megatall (Shanghai Tower, 632 meters).
Here’s a quick summary of the highlights:
• 2013 was the second-most successful year on record for completion of buildings 200 metres or greater in height. In 2013, 73 such buildings were completed, second only to the 81 completions of 2011.
• For the fourth year running, nine Supertalls were again completed in 2013. These 36 Supertalls, built over the last four years, comprise nearly half the total number of Supertalls that now exist (77).
• Across the globe, the sum of heights of all 200-metre-plus buildings completed globally in 2013 was 17,662 metres – also the second-ranked in history, behind the 2011 record of 21,642 metres.
• Of the 73 buildings completed in 2013, 12 – or 16% – entered the list of 100 Tallest Buildings in the World.
• For the sixth year running, China had the most 200-metre-plus completions of any nation, at 37 – located across 22 cities.
• The tallest building to complete in 2013 was the 355-metre JW Marriott Marquis Hotel Dubai Tower 2 in Dubai, UAE.
• Three of the five tallest buildings completed are in the United Arab Emirates, for the second year in a row.
• The city of Goyang, Korea, has debuted on the world skyscraper stage with eight 200-metre-plus buildings completing in 2013.
• Europe has two of the 10 tallest buildings completed in a given year for the first time since 1953.
• Panama added two buildings over 200 metres, bringing the small Central American nation’s count up to 19. It had none as recently as 2008.
• Of the 73 buildings over 200 metres completed in 2013, only one, 1717 Broadway in New York, was in the United States.